A learning disability involves difficulty acquiring cognitive skills in a specific domain. This is sometimes referred to as a “Specific Learning Disability” of SLD for short.
Types of Learning Disabilities Include:
- Dyslexia – A specific reading disability. Most Common. Affects 5-10% of school-aged children in the U.S. Most people think of Dyslexia as reading words backward. However, dyslexia is generally characterized by a deficit in phonological understanding. That is, linking a particular letter to a particular sound and break a word down into separate sound units.
- Nonverbal Learning Disability – Specific deficits in processing non-verbal learning material.
- Math Disability or Dyscalculia – A specific math disability in that it affects you or your child’s ability to understand numbers and learn math facts. You or your child may have poor comprehension of math symbols, struggle with memorizing and organizing numbers, have difficulty telling time, or have trouble counting.
- Dyspraxia – Affects a person’s motor skills.
- Dysgraphia – A specific learning disability that affects you or your child’s handwriting ability and fine motor skills. Deficits may include illegible handwriting, inconsistent spacing, poor spatial planning on paper, poor spelling, difficulty composing writing, and thinking and writing at the same time.
An evaluation can assess for one of these types of learning disabilities can render invaluable. This is sometimes referred to as a psychoeducation evaluation or Independent Education Evaluation (IEE). It focuses on assessing intelligence and cognitive abilities, achievement tests, and tests of behavior and attention.
In other words, it speaks to how the child learns. The results and recommendations are beneficial to schools and treatment providers to improve overall quality of life- both at home and school.
Our evaluation will assess for neuropsychological factors that may be impacting the individual’s ability to learn. It typically involves:
- Consultation with the client or parent of the child being assessed to gather more information on reasons why the evaluation is needed.
- A review of medical, mental health treatment, and school records. This will help us have a better understanding of the client’s history of psychological/neuropsychological functioning.
- A collateral interview with the parent or family member and teacher to help us gather additional information about the individual’s general and psychological/neuropsychological background, behavior, responses to prior treatment, and timeline of when difficulties/problems began to occur.
- A clinical interview with the client.
- We will administer a battery of neuropsychological tests to objectively assess for mental health and neuropsychological symptoms and disorders.
- We will identify any necessary treatment recommendations or accommodations.
- We will meet with the client or parent to review and discuss findings.
Last, we will write a comprehensive report in simple language that integrates our findings and give it to the client or parent.
To learn more about our approach to learning disabilities evaluation, contact our office in Glendora at (626) 709-3494.